DAY 62, BUS 2: Saxildstrand

24 June 2018

Today was a rest day in the centre at Saxildstrand.

During much of the #eminbus trip there was a need to explain the difference between the concepts of ‘Guaranteed Minimum Income’ and ‘Universal Basic Income’. Rather than first concentrating on the difference, in EMIN we prefer to concentrate on the common challenges. Both concepts try to address: the right to decent income, less conditionality, less red tape, less bureaucracy and overcoming the stigma that can be associated to the delivery of social assistance.  Indeed, this approach of concentrating on common challenges has been recommended by the UN Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, #PhilipAlston (see his message for eminbus at to bring the right to adequate standard of living higher on political agenda.

Universal Basic Income is, as the name suggests, a universal approach where a periodical cash payment is unconditionally delivered to all on an individual basis, without means-testing or work requirements. Guaranteed Minimum Income is a targeted universal approach that aims to ensure that all individuals have at least a certain level of income (for EMIN this needs to be an adequate level to live in dignity and to participate in society), either through work, or work and social assistance, or through social assistance/minimum income schemes.   There are very big differences between the cost of the delivery of the two different concepts. However recent experiments, such as the Finish experiment which has been much reported as a ‘basic income experiment’, even of it is targeted to long term unemployed, has blurred the differences between the two concepts. This is another reason why concentrating on the common challenges, rather than the differences, is important to bring quicker results for people who are now experiencing poverty and social exclusion.